Saturday, July 11, 2015

Every day is Ada Lovelace's day

I thought it would be a good thing to have a Facebook group for Women in Logic.

First because women need to see other women who do their kind of work. I do remember the buzz and, how moved I was,  going into the room of  my first Women of Vision Awards banquet. Seven hundred mostly women doing computing into a single room? It was awesome!!

Then because logic is a too distributed subject really: some of us do computational logic, some do mathematical logic, some philosophical logic, some logic in linguistics, some logic in physics,  some philosophy of science, you name it. We could do with some assurance that there *are* many of us.

So the group now exists, and if you're reading this and is not disgusted by Facebook, please join in!

Marilyn Walker suggested that the group should produce Wikipedia pages for women in logic in a collaborative way. I think it's a great idea, but I worry about the 'notability constraints' of Wikipedia. So I thought I'd try to get going by creating entry-like blog posts.

This is the first one and is about Maria Laura Mouzinho Leite Lopes (in the picture), as she was the first  Brazilian mathematician with a phd, apparently in 1949.

The following comes from CNPq, one of the BRazilian main funding agency, in the series Female Pioneers in the Sciences.  (and I need to do some more work tidying up the google-translation  a bit more, but later on.)

 Maria Laura was
born in Timbaúba,  Pernambuco, on January 18, 1917 and died on June 20, 2013, aged 94. 

  In 1935, the  Mouzinho family came to Rio de Janeiro and she was enrolled in the Lafayette Institute, in 1936, she completed her junior high school as a student of the College Sion, in Petrópolis (RJ).  In 1941, Maria Laura graduated 'Bachelor of Mathematics' from Faculdade Nacional de Filosofia (FNFi), and then in 1942, completed the "Degree in Mathematical Education".  She spent  the next six years working on her "Habilitation" entitled "Projective  spaces - the lattice  of its subspaces", directed by mathematics Portuguese professor António Aniceto Ribeiro Monteiro. In September 24, 1949  Mouzinho earned  the title of FIRST  woman DOCTOR IN SCIENCE - MATHEMATICS in Brazil.

  In 1949, with physicists César Lattes (1924-2005) and José Leite Lopes (1918-2006), participated in the creation of the Brazilian Center for Physics Research (CBPF). Replacing Professor Oliveira Junior, she went on to teach geometry classes in Engineering Course in the newly created Institute of Aeronautical Technology (ITA), which was attended by Professor Francis Dominic Murnaghan (1893-1976). That same year she traveled to the United States, where she worked for a year at the Department of Mathematics at The University of Chicago. In 1951, she participated in the creation of the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq). Together with the most influential mathematicians of Rio de Janeiro and with the teacher Candido Lima da Silva Dias (1913-1998), then professor at the University of São Paulo (USP), in 1952, she help to found the Institute for Pure and Applied Mathematics ( IMPA) where she held the  functionof secretary in the 1952-1956 period, and in March 1952, she was inducted in the Brazilian Academy of Sciences.

 In 1956, she married the renowned physicist and professor José Leite Lopes. In 1961 she was appointed professor at the Technical Education State of Guanabara Professional. In 1967, Maria Laura takes over as Head of the Mathematics Department at FNFi, until it becomes Mathematical Institute of the UFRJ. In 1969, with Professor Leite Lopes, is exiled, banished from the country by the Institutional Act # 5 (AI5). They went first to Pittsburgh, USA, and then to Strasbourg, France, where she started to develop her research in mathematics education  at the Institute de Recherche en Enseignement of Mathematiques (IREM).

In 1974, Maria Laura went back to Brazil with all the experience of IREM and invited by Professor Anna Averbuch became the  Mathematics coordinator at the Brazilian Israelite School Eliezer Eistenbarg and participated in guiding the teaching of Mathematics in the Educational Center in  Niteroi. In 1976 she participated in the foundation of the  "Group of Teaching and Research in Mathematics Education - GEPEM" which was chaired by her, during the first eight years. GEPEM under the agreement with the MEC / INEP, coordinates the first research in mathematics education in Brazil, "Project Binomial Teacher-Student in Introduction to Mathematics Education - an experimental research."

 With the signing the amnesty law in August 1979, still during the military dictatorship, Maria Laura resumes her seat in IM / UFRJ. At the end of 1982, responding to a Ministry of Education's call to the University of Integration Program with the Priaery Grades  education, this group of teachers IM / UFRJ, under the coordination of Maria Laura, presented the "Project Training for Teachers of 1st, 2nd and 3rd grades. " In 1983, along with teams from Biology, Physics, Geography, Mathematics and Chemistry, deploy "Fundão Project," which came to integrate the Education Sub-Program for Science, when the creation of the Support of Scientific and Technological Development Program. 

In order to consolidate the mathematics education in Brazil, January 27, 1988, Professor Maria Laura and a group of researchers, professors and employees, founded the "Brazilian Society of Mathematics Education" (SBEM), and then the regional SBEM / RJ. After 65 years of academic life at UFRJ Professor Maria Laura was awarded, on 1 July 1996, with the title of "Emeritus Professor at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro" and in 2001 she  was awarded  the title of "Honorary Professor the SBEM ". Acting forcefully and intensely in the continuing education of mathematics teachers Professor Maria Laura has published several articles and books and has maintained the standards of Brazilian Mathematics Education as a benchmark for the world.

Pedro Carlos Pereira, Assistant Professor of UFRRJ,  based on his thesis "The Educator Maria Laura: contributions to the constitution of mathematics education in Brazil."

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